Sewage Treatment Plant
The general construction of a sewage treatment plant doesn’t differ too drastically from that of a septic tank. Just as with a septic tank, sewage flows from the property being serviced into the first chamber of the sewage treatment plant. Here, the water sits until grease, oil and scum have floated to the top and solids have settled on the bottom of the tank.
Once the process of separation has taken place, the liquid travels into a second chamber which is where sewage treatment plants differ from septic tanks. This chamber is fitted with an air pump that circulates air around the chamber to encourage the growth of aerobic bacteria. This bacteria helps to break down the contaminants in the water, effectively cleaning it.
The final stage of a sewage treatment plant is one last settlement tank. This final tank allows the very last solids that may remain to sink to the bottom of the tank before the effluent is discharged into a soakaway or watercourse.
Once the treatment process has been completed and the wastewater has been treated as thoroughly as possible, it can be discharged into the environment. This is another key area where sewage treatment plants differ from sewage treatment plants. Whereas you must discharge effluent from a septic tank into a soakaway for further treatment in the ground, subject to an Environment Agency Consent to Discharge, you can discharge your effluent into local water sources straight from your treatment plant. This is because of the vastly improved effluent quality that the treatment process produces.